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Verbs Ser and Estar

In Spanish they have 2 ways to say "to be." Each is used a little differently.

ESTAR: often refers to a location or position. ESTAR usually refers to a condition that could change in some way.

estoy cansada

estoy en Seattle

está lloviendo

I am tired

I am in Seattle

it is raining


SER: used for “IS ”when the quality or thing is unchanging or
more of a permanent kind of quality.

soy mujer

eres de Texas

es amarillo

I am a woman

you are from Texas

it is yellow

hear audio mp3click to listen to a rhyme that can help you remember how to use ser and estar

Don't worry if you occasionally confuse these 2 verbs - you'll find that even native speakers sometimes make mistakes. Using ser and estar is one of those things you get the hang of with time. Next time you're reading in Spanish, watching a Spanish movie or listening to music - take note of how each verb is used. Repeat those examples out loud!

Present and Preterite Conjugations for Ser and Estar

present ser present estar preterite ser preterite estar

soy
eres
es
somos
son

estoy
estás
está
estamos
están

fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fueron

estuve
estuviste
estuvo
estuvimos
estuvieron

Imperfect and Future Conjugations

imperfect ser imperfect estar future ser future estar

era
eras
era
éramos
eran

estaba
estabas
estaba
estábamos
estaba

seré
serás
será
seremos
serán


estaré
estarás
estará
estaremos
estarán

Worksheet: Ser & Estar

Quiz: Verbs Ser & Estar



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